In a previous article, we talked about how the use of stylistic resources in our script can be important, to create dynamism and fluidity of presentation. We have dozens of resources at our disposal and it is extremely smart to think about how we can introduce them into our speech in order to enrich it.
Although some of them are used frequently, in public speaking situations all of their use must be thought and rethought in the best way, so that the speech is coherent and makes sense, not making it seem that we only adding resources there without greater value.
By making use of them we will create a stronger connection with our audience, as we often manage to make the audience think and intervene.
With a little creativity, we manage to create some phrases or excerpts that will convey our idea in a more poetic, original and effective way.
In a simple way, with its use we will value much more the script that we are preparing.
We must ensure that:
- • Its use is made in a conscious and balanced way;
- • That we do not transmit ideas that are wrong or different from what we intend;
- • We do not fall into exaggeration;
- • We use them in a discrete way.
Let us look at some more stylistic resources that we can use, in addition to the ones mentioned in the first article on how to use stylistic resources.
Use the last word of the previous sentence at the beginning of the next.
- • ‘’ The professor said that the thesis was very complex. Complex because it had many words that were difficult to interpret. Difficult because they are not very common in everyday life. ’’
- • “I found that situation surprising. Surprising because no one was expecting it to happen now. Nowbecause we are in confinement. ’’
In anadiplosis we can somehow complete the previous idea, or justify the previous sentence with the information that we will add in the next sentence. Always taking your last word to start the next idea.
Repetition of words in order to reinforce the idea and emphasize what we are saying.
‘’ We communicate here, we communicate at home, we communicate at work .. ’’
If I just say ‘‘We’re communicating here’’, I’m just saying ‘’We’re communicating here’’. If I say the sentence above, I am reinforcing the idea that we not only have to communicate here, but at home, at work, etc. With this, I am giving even more emphasis to how important it is to know how to communicate with others, as this happens daily and in all areas of our life.
‘’ The student said he didn’t do the job because he had no imagination, said he didn’t know how to write, said he couldn’t, said he didn’t have time .. ’’
Imagine the following situation:
I am reporting to another teacher, who I consider that student does not deserve a good grade because he is not hard-working and always makes excuses for not presenting projects. If I say ‘’The student said he didn’t do the job because he had no imagination’’, that in itself doesn’t demonstrate that he is totally unmotivated and unconcerned about his work. However, if I fully convey the idea that he gave me, I will have several topics to reinforce my initial argument that the student is not concerned with his projects. In addition to saying that he had no imagination, he added several other justifications, to apologize for the fact that he did not deliver the work.
We use a word with irony that expresses exactly the opposite of what we mean.
‘’I arrived at the presentation and my PowerPoint didn’t open. What a beautiful situation! ’ – Here a beautiful situation does not mean a beautiful situation, it means that it was a complicated moment.
‘’I accidentally deleted an important article from my computer, look how wonderful!’’ – It is no wonder, I lost many hours of work.
‘’Beautiful service, we ran out of light!’’ – Running out of light is not pleasant, so it is not a beautiful service at all.
When we use one word in place of the other, to soften and make the information lighter and less grotesque.
- • ‘’ He didn’t tell the truth ’’ – That is, he lied.
- • ‘’ he was asked to leave the room ’’ -he was expelled.
- • ‘’ He wasn’t a very empathic teacher ’’ -he was someone who was unsympathetic.
- • ‘’ We’re going to do a rate update ’’ – We’re going to raise prices.
- • ‘’ That course was anything but accessible ’’ – It was expensive.
By using this resource, in a smoother way we will convey the idea we want, which initially reflects heavier or unwanted information. Calling someone a liar, saying that he was expelled or informing us that we are going to increase service prices, are less “friendly” information, that is, the use of euphemism helps us to clearly but lightly say what we really mean without seeming rude or aggressive.
There are other methods of creating dynamism in our script without being so complex, such as resorting to comparisons or interjections. Comparisons, as the name says, allow us to compare, that is, we need at least two things or people to do it. The interjections in turn can be very varied, from interjection of admiration to doubt or astonishment.
‘’Both journalists talked about this topic, however one went deeper into the theoretical part than the other. This broader information was very important to aid my research, Oh! it really was!‘’
‘’Public speaking is just as scary as taking a driving test. Ui, they both make us very anxious!’’
‘’The other day a member of the audience asked me if verbal or non-verbal language was more important. Ohwhat a beautiful question!’’
‘’Fear of speaking in public? Enough!”
Make use of these resources when planning your script for public presentation and ensure that, in a balanced and dynamic way, your message is passed on to the audience. Always remember that we are all unique, and that is our true power. Use that power to your advantage and create a script that is completely personalized to you and what you want to represent. When in trouble, remember that DMT is here to help you succeed in creating your script and even in your public presentation!